During the summer break, many people intend to defy the scotching heat by dipping themselves into the sparkling pool water. At the backdrop of this cool and easy water lies a potent disinfectant that keeps the water free from algae and disease causing microbial. Chlorine has been in use ever since the 1900s to treat water for drinking. Some few decades later the use of chlorine to treat pool water has been adopted vastly to safeguard users against pool borne diseases. This article tries to answer the question that many have often posed just how does chlorine keep pools clean?
Chlorine is commonly termed as the magical sanitizer because it uses sophisticated mechanism to rid water of harmful pathogens. When this granular powder is added to water, it forms a weak Hypochlorous acid that does all the magic. The acid acts as a lethal disinfectant against bacteria that are likely to harbor in public bathtubs such as salmonella and E. coli.
The Hypochlorous acid has a unique property that helps it act as an efficient germ destruction tool. It has a neutral electrical charge while the cell walls surrounding microbes have a negative electrical charge.
For although, other negatively charged particles in the water repel germs, the hypochlorous acid sticks onto the present bacterial cells and breaches the integrity of the cellular walls. Consequently, the acid penetrates into the bacterium and wreaks havoc to a critical protein that forms the DNA of the bacterium. When the protein deteriorates completely, the cell then dies.
Chlorine generally tears apart the cellular membrane of germs and the integral proteins that gives the bacteria their structure. Moreover, chlorine shuts down viruses such as influenza.
In conclusion, many people have discovered the importance of chlorine in cleaning water. The cleaning mechanism might not be somewhat apparent. However it is beyond no doubt that it works. Nonetheless care should be taken while using chlorine. Not to lower the water pH level beyond 7 because it can be harmful to the body.